8.1.1 Statistics related to infrastructure (see Box 8.1 for its composition) are important in determining the availability of inputs that are crucial to a wide variety of productive activities. There may be divergence of opinion whether infrastructure should be created in response to demand or in anticipation of demand. There is no denying, however, that its non-availability will act as a severe constraint on the productive capacities of the economy. Statistics relating to various types of infrastructure as well as its geographic distribution will be important for policy and planning purposes, as well as in guiding investment decisions. Data relating to infrastructure should be complete, accurate and up to date.
Composition of Infrastructure Sector
Electricity generation, transmission and distribution
Gas generation and distribution through pipes
Water works and supply
Non-conventional energy generation and distribution
Railway tracks, signalling system and stations
Roads and bridges, runaways and other airport facilities
Telephone lines and telecommunications network
Pipelines for water, crude oil, slurry, etc.
Canal networks for irrigation
Sanitation and sewerage
8.1.2 This chapter will examine the following issues:
Notion of Infrastructure – as well as its characteristics and contrast this with the prevailing notion of infrastructure as accepted in the statistics and official documents.
Strengthening Infrastructure Statistics – in specific infrastructure sectors.
Infrastructure-related Indices – proposed construction.