Agriculture Surveys

The Field Operations Division of NSSO has the overall responsibility of providing technical guidance to the States in developing suitable survey techniques for obtaining timely and reliable estimates of crop yield, bringing out uniformity in definitions and concepts and providing assistance in training the State field personnel. It also undertakes supervision over the primary field work of the State Governments in respect of area enumeration, area aggregation and Crop Cutting Experiments.

The supervision on field work for qualitative improvement in Agricultural Statistics is carried out through well-organized sample survey under Improvement of Crop Statistics (ICS) Scheme. The Scheme aims at locating, through joint efforts of Central and State agencies, the deficiencies in the State system of Crop Statistics and suggesting remedial measures for effecting lasting improvements. The ICS scheme is in operation in 18 Land Record States/UTs and 3 Non-land Record States.

The responsibilities of supervisory staff of the NSSO (FOD) and State Governments inter- alia involve sample check in non-overlapping samples on (i) area enumeration and aggregation in about 10,000 sample villages in each season (ii) about 30,000 Crop Cutting Experiments in a year carried out by State primary workers in general crop estimation surveys. The information collected during supervision are entered in three different schedules viz AS1.0 for area enumeration, AS 1.1 for area aggregation and AS 2.0 for crop cutting experiments. Elaborate instructions for filling the schedules are given in ICS manual prepared by the division.

The findings of the sample supervision are brought out in the form of State-wise reports for two major seasons and an All India Status Report titled Review of Crop Statistics System in India through Scheme for Improvement of Crop Statistics. The status reports are exclusively sent to concerned state governments for effective and lasting improvement in the system of data collection and generation of quality statistics on crop estimates.

Work related to planning of survey, compilation & analysis of data and publication of the reports is done at Agricultural Statistics (AS) Wing of NSSO (FOO) located at Faridabad.

Agriculture (ICS) Reports

Name Contents Periodicity Latest Released Reports
1.Consolidated results of Crop Estimation Surveys (CES) on Principal Crops This publication reviews briefly the crop estimation surveys conducted by the States/UTs in terms of scope,coverage, survey design, sample size etc. based on the information supplied by State/UTs, the report focuses attention on the results of the survey on estimates of crop yield and associated standard errors. Annual All India Crop Estimation Survey Report 2010-11.
2. Review of Crop Statistics System in India through Improvement of Crop Statistics Scheme (ICS). The publication deals in details, two components of Crop Statistics i.e. Area and Yield collected by different States through prescribed procedure. The status, lacunae and infirmities in the system of Crop Statistics in the States as generated through the Improvement of Crop Statistics Scheme(ICS) is presented in this report. The report also contains the details of sampling design and organization of the supervisory survey and major findings of the scheme. Annual All India Report on Improvement of Crop Statistics Scheme (ICS) 2011-12.
3.Review of Crop Statistics System in States through Improvement of Crop Statistics Scheme (ICS)(season wise) Status report of each State. Report deals with the findings of Sample Check on Area Enumeration and Crop Cutting Experiments taken up under the scheme of ICS in 21 different States/UTs namely: Uttarakhand, Puducherry, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Punjab, Rajasthan, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal. Agricultural Season (July- June) (21 Kharif Reports and 21 Rabi Reports) Rabi 2012-13 for all 21 States/UTs. Kharif 2013-14 for 14 States/ UTs viz. Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhatishgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal and Puduchery. 2011-12 for all 21 States/UTs
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