PRESS NOTE ON

 

PERCEIVED ADEQUACY OF FOOD CONSUMPTION IN INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS, 2004-05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEY ORGANISATION

 

MINISTRY OF STATISTICS AND PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION

 

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

 

Dated the 9 Phalguna, 1928 Saka

28th  February, 2007

 

PRESS NOTE

 

PERCEIVED ADEQUACY OF FOOD CONSUMPTION IN INDIAN HOUSEHOLDS, 2004-05

 

Report No. 512 on “Perceived Adequacy of Food Consumption In Indian Households, 2004-05” based on the seventh quinquennial survey on Household Consumer Expenditure carried out in the NSS 61st round (July, 2004-June, 2005) by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has been released. This is one of the reports in a series of seven reports to be brought out on the basis of the survey. The report is based on the data collected on perception of Indian households with regard to availability of food throughout the year. The data is based on three statuses of perception i.e. ‘getting enough food throughout the year’ (food adequate in all months), ‘not getting enough food in some months’ (food inadequate in some months of the year) and ‘not getting enough food every day in any month of the year’ (food inadequate in all the months). All the data are provided separately for rural and urban sectors and for each State/UT.

 

Like all regular NSS surveys, the present survey covered practically the whole of the Indian Union. All States and Union Territories were covered under the survey. The survey was spread over 7999 villages and 4602 urban blocks covering 79298 rural and 45346 urban households respectively.

 

Some findings of the survey are highlighted below:

 

  • This report presents data on perception of Indian households by daily availability of enough food during the last 365 days based on a sample of 79298 households and 403207 persons in the rural area and 45346 households and 206529 persons in urban area.

 

 

  • In rural areas, the percentage of households where all the members reported enough food every day throughout the year rose from 94.5% to 97.4% during the period from 1993-94 to 2004-05.

 

 

  • In urban areas, the percentage of households getting enough food every day throughout the year increased from 98.1% to 99.4% over the period from 1993-94 to 2004-05.

 

 

  • In rural areas, the ‘agricultural labour’ households reported the highest proportion of perceived seasonal inadequacy of food. The households ‘self-employed in agriculture’ showed the lowest percentage of seasonal inadequacy of food.

 

 

·        Among the social groups, the percentage, in rural areas, of households not getting enough food every day in some months of the year was the highest for the ST households (3.7%), followed by SC households (3.3%). However, in urban areas, the corresponding percentages were equal and lower than their rural counterparts.

 

 

  • The percentage of rural households ‘not having enough food every day in some months’ was the highest in West Bengal (10.6%) followed by Orissa (4.8%) and the lowest in the States of Haryana and Rajasthan. In rural area, Assam reported the highest percentage of households (3.6%) ‘not getting enough food every day in all months of the year’ followed by Orissa and West Bengal (1.3%) as per the perception of field officials. In the urban area the highest percentage was reported by Assam (2.1%), followed by Bihar (1.1%).

 

  • Among the different types of ration card holders the Antodaya Card holders had highest percentage of ‘not having enough food everyday in some months of the year’ followed by BPL cardholders in the rural area . However, BPL card holders reported higher percentage of seasonal inadequacy of food than Antodaya Card holders in the urban area.

 

 

·        In the rural areas, the proportion of households reporting inadequacy of food was higher during the months from December to March than in other months. In the urban areas, such inadequacy was reported from December to February but by a much lower percentage of households.