Time use survey


National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) has been conducting socio-economic surveys employing scientific methods since 1950. Time Use Survey (TUS), which will collect data on time dispositions of household members, is an area of survey introduced in response to demands from various stakeholders. TUS will be canvassed for the first time during the period January to December 2019.

 Objective of the survey

 The Time Use Survey (TUS) will enable measuring time spent by individuals on different activities. The primary objective of Time Use Survey (TUS) is to measure participation of men, women and other groups of persons in paid and unpaid activities. The survey will be an important source of information on the time spent in unpaid care giving activities, unpaid volunteer work, unpaid domestic service producing activities of the household members. This will also provide information on time spent on learning, socializing, leisure activities, self-care activities, etc. by the household members.

Scope and Coverage

The survey will cover the whole of the Indian Union except the villages in Andaman and Nicobar Islands which are difficult to access. The survey has been conducted from 1st January, 2019. The survey period will be of one year duration and will be divided into four sub-rounds of three months’ duration each as follows:

sub-round 1 :        January – March 2019

sub-round 2 :        April – June 2019

sub-round 3 :        July – September 2019

sub-round 4 :        October – December 2019

In each of these four sub-rounds equal number of FSUs will be allotted for survey with a view to ensure uniform spread of sample FSUs over the entire survey period. During this round, the following schedules of enquiry will be canvassed:

 Schedule 0.0T: list of households

 Schedule 10.6: time use

 Sample Design

  Formation of sub-units (SUs):

 (I) Rural areas: A rural village will be notionally divided into a number of sub-units (SU) of more or less equal population during the preparation of frame. Census 2011 population of villages will be projected by applying suitable growth rates and the number of SUs to be formed in a village will be determined apriori. The above procedure of SU formation will be implemented in the villages with population more than or equal to 1000 as per Census 2011. In the remaining villages, no SU will be formed. However, as a Special case  for rural areas of (i) Himachal Pradesh, (ii) Sikkim, (iii) Andaman & Nicobar Islands, (iv) Uttarakhand (except four districts Dehradun, Nainital, Hardwar and Udham Singh Nagar), (v) Punch, Rajouri, Udhampur, Reasi, Doda, Kishtwar, Ramban, Ladakh region (Leh and Kargil districts) of Jammu and Kashmir and (vi) Idukki district of Kerala, numbers of SUs to be formed in a village will be determined in such a way that each SU contains 600 or less projected population. Further, SUs will not be formed in the villages in the above mentioned districts/States with population less than 500 as per Census 2011. For rural parts of Kerala, similar procedure as mentioned in para above will be adopted with the modification that the SUs will be formed within Panchayat Wards instead of villages.

(II) Urban areas: SUs will be formed in urban sector also. The procedure will be similar to that adopted in rural areas except that SUs will be formed on the basis of households in the UFS frame instead of population since UFS frame does not have population. Each UFS block with number of households more than or equal to 250 will be divided into a number of SUs. In the remaining UFS blocks, no SU will be formed.


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